Composites and woods elastic moduli characterization

Sonelastic® Systems are advanced and non-destructive solutions with excellent cost-benefit ratio for elastic moduli characterization of composites, woods and wood products. The Sonelastic® Systems employ the Impulse Excitation Technique and provides highly reproducible results.

Specimens of composites, wood and wood products 
Specimens of composites, wood and wood products ready to be tested by Sonelastic® Systems.

Sonelastic® Systems apply the Impulse Excitation Technique and are in accordance with ASTM E1876 for the characterization of isotropic materials. The characterization of non-isotropic materials is an advanced application of the Impulse Excitation Technique that requires the preparation of more than one sample in dependence of the material symmetry (Please, see the Technical-scientific Informative Elastic Moduli characterization of composites using the Impulse Excitation Technique).

Applications

Sonelastic® Systems have a wide range of applications for composite, woods and wood products:
  • - Elastic moduli and damping characterization.
  • - Grading and quality control.
  • - Detection of defects.
  • - Monitoring of curing and drying processes.
  • - Finite element analysis (FEA/FEM) refining.
  • - Study of the temperature influence on the elastic properties.

Specimens of an ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) ballistic armor and of a carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) monolithic panel
Specimens of an ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) ballistic armor and of a carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) monolithic panel. The specimens are prepared for elastic moduli non-destructive characterization by Impulse Excitation Technique and Sonelastic® Systems.

Sonelastic® Systems applications examples

Laboratory of Polymeric Materials - LaPol / DEMAT UFRGS
Laboratory of Polymeric Materials - LaPol / DEMAT UFRGS

Application: Research and development of polymers and composite materials.
Contact person: Prof. Sandro Campos Amico.

Interdisciplinary Center for Advanced Composites – INAC / FEG UNESP

Application: Research and development of composites for aerospace applications.
Contact person: Prof. Edson Cocchieri Botelho.

Forest Products Laboratory - Brazilian Forest Service FSB
Forest Products Laboratory - Brazilian Forest Service FSB

Application: Classification and characterization of wood.
Contact person: Eng. Luciano Roitman.

Department of Forest Sciences - DCF
Department of Forest Sciences - DCF

Application: Research and development of wood derivatives.
Contact person: Prof. Gustavo Henrique Denzin Tonoli.

Department of Forestry and Wood Sciences – DCFM/CCAE/UFES
Department of Forestry and Wood Sciences – DCFM/CCAE/UFES

Application: Classification and characterization of wood.
Contact person: Prof. Pedro Segundinho.

PUC Rio de Janeiro, Department of Civil Engineering
PUC Rio de Janeiro, Department of Civil Engineering

Application: Characterization of the elastic modulus of bamboos and derivatives.
Contact person: Prof. Khosrow Ghavami.

Technology College FT-UFAM
Technology College FT-UFAM

Application: Classification and characterization of wood.
Contact person: Profa. Virginia Giacon.

National Institute for Research in the Amazon - INPA
National Institute for Research in the Amazon - INPA

Application: Evaluation of the sound of native woods for musical instruments.
Contact person: Prof. Estevão Monteiro de Paula.

Publications employing the Sonelastic® Systems

A. Azadeh, K. Ghavami, J. J. García. The influence of heat on mechanical properties of Dendrocalamus giganteus bamboo. Journal of Building Engineering, Volume 43, 2021, ISSN 2352-7102, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2021.102613.

R. F. S. Ribeiro, J. F. S. Feiteira, J. P. Gouvêa, A. F. Ferreira. Experimental Investigation on Variability in Properties of Amazonian Wood Species Muiracatiara (Astronium lecointei) and Maçaranduba (Manilkara huberi) Focusing Guitar Fingerboards Manufacturing. Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts, 2021, 6(1): 33-38. doi: 10.1016/j.jobab.2021.02.006.

J. Santos, R. Tucunduva, J. d’Almeida. Mechanical Characterization of PA 12 and HDPE Pipes Before and After Aging in Water at Two Different Temperatures. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 9(1), 248–256, (2021). https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i1.2021.2973.

M. M. A. D. Maciel, M. Y. Shiino, H. J. C. Voorwald, M. O. H. Cioffi. Residual modulus degradation model for woven fabric composite determined by impulse excitation technique. International Journal of Fatigue, Volume 133, 2020, ISSN 0142-1123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2019.105456.

D. L. Faria, T. A. Lopes, M. V. Scatolino, T. P. Protásio, M. F. Nascimento, F. A. R. Lahr, L. M. B. Mendes, J. B. G. Júnior. Studying the grammage in lvl panels glued with castor oil-based polyurethane adhesive: a possible alternative to formaldehyde releasing adhesives. CERNE, v. 26, n. 1, p.140-149, 2020.

D. L. Faria, T. A. Lopes, M. V. Scatolino, J. Soriano, L. M. Mendes, J. G. Júnior. Static bending of glulam beams manufactured with rubber wood and epoxy adhesive. Revista Matéria, 25(3), 2020, ISSN 2317-6342.

D. L. Faria et al. Physical and mechanical behavior of glulam beams produced with rubberwood treated with preservatives. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, v. 44, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-7054202044012020.

FARIA, D.L.; CRUZ, T.M.; MESQUITA JUNIOR, L.; DUARTE, P. J.; MENDES, L. M.; GUIMARAES JUNIOR, J. B. Number of laminae on the mechanical behavior of glued laminated timber (glulam) of Toona ciliata produced with vegetable polyurethane adhesive. CIÊNCIA E AGROTECNOLOGIA (ONLINE), v. 43, p. 1-8, 2019. https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-7054201943014819

OTANI, L. B., Amico, S.C., TRINDADE, R.S., PEREIRA, A.H.A. Characterization of the elastic moduli of composite materials by the impulse excitation technique. In: 2nd Brazilian Conference on Composite Materials - BCCM, 2014, São José dos Campos/SP. 2nd Brazilian p. 1-6. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301198692

QUINAYÁ, D.C.P., D’ALMEIDA, J.R.M. Nondestructive characterization of epoxy matrix composites reinforced with Luffa lignocellulosic fibers. Materia-Rio de Janeiro, v. 22, p. e11848, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1517-707620170002.0181

BATISTA, N.L., OLIVIER, P., BERNHART, G.; REZENDE, M.C.; BOTELHO, E.C. Correlation between degree of crystallinity, morphology and mechanical properties of PPS/carbon fiber laminates. Materials Research, v. 19, p. 195-201, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5373-mr-2015-0453

ROJA, J.A., RIBEIRO, B., REZENDE, M.C. Influence of serrated edge and rectangular strips of MWCNT buckypaper on the electromagnetic properties of glass fiber/epoxy resin composites. Carbon, Volume 160, 30 April 2020, Pages 317-327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2020.01.036

LOPES, B.J., DA SILVA, G.A.S., D’ALMEIDA, J. R. M. Evaluation of the Residual Strength of a Polyester/E-Glass Composite Tray After Exposure to High Temperatures Due to a Nearby Fire Event. Fire Technology 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10694-018-0726-y

N. L Batista, K. Iha, E. C Botelho. Evaluation of weather influence on mechanical and viscoelastic properties of polyetherimide/carbon fiber composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites Vol 32, Issue 12, pp. 863 – 874 April-30-2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684413482994

J. H. S. Almeida, S. C. Amico, E. C. Botelho, F. D. R. Amado. Hybridization effect on the mechanical properties of curaua/glass fiber composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 55, 2013, Pages 492-497. ISSN 1359-8368. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2013.07.014

J. H. S. Almeida, C. C. Angrizani, E. C. Botelho, S. C. Amico. Effect of fiber orientation on the shear behavior of glass fiber/epoxy composites. Materials & Design (1980-2015), Volume 65, 2015, Pages 789-795. ISSN 0261-3069, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2014.10.003

BATISTA, Natassia Lona et al. Correlation between degree of crystallinity, morphology and mechanical properties of PPS/carbon fiber laminates. Mat. Res.. 2016, vol.19, n.1, pp.195-201. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5373-MR-2015-0453

H. O. Silva, A. Andrianov, M. N. B. Júnior. Evaluation of the structural behavior of aluminum honeycomb sandwich panels for microsatellites. Proceedings of the CILAMCE 2016 - XXXVII Iberian Latin-American Congress on Computational Methods in Engineering, ABMEC, Brasília, DF, Brazil, November 6-9, 2016.

A. R. Feiferis and J. R. M. d’Almeida. Evaluation of Water Absorption Effects on the Mechanical Properties and Sound Propagation Behavior of Polyester Matrix- Sponge Gourd Reinforced Composite. Journal of Composites and Biodegradable Polymers, 2016, 4, 26-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.12974/2311-8717.2016.04.01.4

L. R. S. Pereira, T. T. Maldonado; R. C. Alves, E. V. M. Carrasco. Estimativa do módulo de elasticidade em função da temperatura utilizando ondas de excitação. Anais do XV EBRAMEM - Encontro Brasileiro em Madeiras e em Estruturas de Madeira 09-11/Mai, 2016.

G. G. Cezário, B. A. G. C. Ferreira, D. W. Silva, A. P. Vilela, L. M. Mendes, R. F. Mendes. Efeito de diferentes tipos de revestimento na avaliação do módulo de elasticidade dinâmico em painéis MDF. Anais do XV EBRAMEM - Encontro Brasileiro em Madeiras e em Estruturas de Madeira 09-11/Mai, 2016.

Otani, L.B., Pereira, A.H.A.. Caracterização dos módulos elásticos de compósitos utilizando a Técnica de Excitação por Impulso - Informativo técnico-científico ITC-06. ATCP Engenharia Física, Divisão Sonelastic. Revisão 1.3, 18/12/2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.2599.8248

Otani, L.B., Segundinho, P.G.A., Morales, E.A.M., Pereira, A.H.A.. Caracterização dos módulos elásticos de madeiras e derivados utilizando a Técnica de Excitação por Impulso. ATCP Engenharia Física, Divisão Sonelastic. Revisão 1.3, 25/02/2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.4647.8242


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Composites elastic moduli characterization

Composites White Paper

This white paper presents the theory and proposal of a methodology for the non-destructive elastic moduli characterization of composites using the Impulse Excitation Technique.

Woods elastic moduli characterization

Woods White Paper

This white paper presents the theory and proposal of a methodology for the non-destructive elastic moduli characterization of woods and wood products using the Impulse Excitation Technique.

Sonelastic® Catalog

Sonelastic® Catalog

Sonelastic items technical catalog.