Concretes, cementitious materials and rocks modulus of elasticity characterization

Sonelastic® Systems are a practical solution with excellent cost-benefit ratio for modulus of elasticity measurement of concretes, cementitious materials and rocks. It employs the Impulse Excitation Technique in accordance with ASTM C215, which is non-destructive and provides highly precise and reproducible results. The typical uncertainty is 1.5% and the reproducibility 0.6%. The test is fast, to measure three specimens it takes around 6 minutes including weighing and dimensional measurements.

Concrete and rock specimens
Sonelastic® System measuring for concretes measuring a cylinder in flexional vibration mode
(click here to watch the demo video).

The system shown above includes: Sonelastic® Software, Laptop, Signal acquisition USB module ADAC, SA-BC Adjustable support for bars and cylinders, set of manual Impulse Devices, CA-DP Acoustic Sensor with vertical base and calibration certificate traceable to the SI. This system optional items are IED Automatic Impulse Device and Sturdy Tripod.

The modulus of elasticity measured by the Sonelastic® Systems is the dynamic one, however, it is possible to estimate the quasi-static modulus of elasticity by the Popovic’s model (See the Technical-Scientific Informative Estimation of the static modulus of elasticity of concrete using the Impulse Excitation Technique). The measurement of elastic moduli and damping reveals information about the presence and evolution of defects and micro-cracks, and about the curing processes. It is also possible to obtain the material P and S waves sound speed.

Applications

Sonelastic® Systems have a wide range of applications for concretes and cementitious materials:
  • - Quality control of concrete manufacturing;
  • - Curing and drying monitoring;
  • - Damage assessment.
  • - Study of degradation processes by thermochemical treatments and weathering.
  • - Refining finite element analyses (FEA).
Concrete sample on the SA-BC adjustable support
Examples of concrete, mortar and rocks specimens measurable by Sonelastic® Systems. For rectangular prisms and cylinders, the maximum height is 450 mm and a maximum weight 30 kg

Rocks and minerals

Sonelastic® Systems are able to measure the elastic moduli and damping of rocks and minerals, the main applications are:
  • - Classification;
  • - Quality control;
  • - Evaluation of thermochemical damage;
  • - Characterization of mechanical properties for drilling and mining optimization.

Calibration

Sonelastic® Systems includes calibration certificate with traceability to the International System of Units - SI.

Treaceability to the International System of Units - SI

Standards

Sonelastic® Systems comply with ASTM C215-19 - Standard Test Method for Fundamental Transverse, Longitudinal, and Torsional Resonant Frequencies of Concrete Specimens.

Examples of Sonelastic® Systems applications

Organização Polimix
Organização Polimix

Application: Development and quality control of concretes.
Contact person: Eng. Pedro Lopes.

Qualify Laboratório de Concreto, Materiais e Solos
Qualify Laboratório de Concreto, Materiais e Solos

Application: Development and quality control of concretes.
Contact person: Eng. Adriano Damasio Soterio.

Associação Brasileira de Cimento Portland – ABCP LAB
Associação Brasileira de Cimento Portland – ABCP LAB

Application: Testing services.
Contact person: Eng. Rubens Curti.

PhD Engenharia
PhD Engenharia

Application: Development and quality control of concretes.
Contact person: Prof. Paulo Helene.

ITAIPU
ITAIPU BINACIONAL - Laboratório de Tecnologia do Concreto

Application: Development and quality control of concretes.
Contact person: Eng. Fábio L. Willrich.

FURNAS
FURNAS' Technology Services and Support Management (GST.E)

Application: Tech support services.
Contact person: Eng. Nilvane Teixeira Porfirio.

Department of Structural Engineering USP São Carlos (SET/EESC/USP)
Department of Structural Engineering USP São Carlos (SET/EESC/USP)

Application: Research and development.
Contact person: Prof. Ricardo Carrazedo.

Saint-Gobain Research Brasil
Saint-Gobain Research Brasil

Application: Research and development of fiber cement boards.
Contact person: Eng. Caio Exposito.

YAMANAGOLD
YAMANAGOLD

Application: Rock characterization for mining process optimization.
Contact person: Eng. Leandro Ribes de Lima.

Publications employing the Sonelastic® Systems

W. A. Thomaz, D. Y. Miyaji, E. Possan.Comparative study of dynamic and static Young's modulus of concrete containing basaltic aggregates. Case Studies in Construction Materials, Volume 15, 2021, ISSN 2214-5095, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2021.e00645.

G. M. S. Gidrão, P. A. Krahl, R. Carrazedo. Internal Damping Ratio of Ultrahigh-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Considering the Effect of Fiber Content and Damage Evolution. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, volume 32, number 12, 2020, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0003407.

O. A. Quaglio; J. M. da Silva; E. C. Rodovalho, L. V. Costa. Determination of Young’s Modulus by Specific Vibration of Basalt and Diabase. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 2020, Article ID 4706384, 8 pages, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/4706384.

F. Roberti, V. F. Cesari, P. R. Matos, F. Pelisser, R. Pilar. High- and ultra-high-performance concrete produced with sulfate-resisting cement and steel microfiber: Autogenous shrinkage, fresh-state, mechanical properties and microstructure characterization. Construction and Building Materials, Volume 268, 2021, ISSN 0950-0618, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121092.

V. G. Haach, R. Carrazedo, P. O. Ribeiro, L. P. A. Ferreira. Evaluation of Elastic Anisotropic Relations for Plain Concrete Using Ultrasound and Impact Acoustic Tests. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Volume 33, Issue 2, February 2021, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0003562.

N. H. de Azevedo, P. J.P. Gleize. Effect of silicon carbide nanowhiskers on hydration and mechanical properties of a Portland cement paste. Construction and Building Materials, Volume 169, 2018, Pages 388-395, ISSN 0950-0618, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.02.185.

CARRAZEDO, R., HAACH, V.G., MONFRINATO, E. F., PERISSIN, D. A. M., CHAIM, J. P. Mechanical Characterization of Concrete by Impact Acoustics Tests. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING, v. 30, p. 05018001, 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(asce)mt.1943-5533.0002231

AZEVEDO, N.H., GLEIZE, P.J.P. Effect of silicon carbide nanowhiskers on hydration and mechanical properties of a Portland cement paste. CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, v. 169, p. 388-395, 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.02.185

HAACH, V.G., CARRAZEDO, R., OLIVEIRA, L. M. F. Resonant acoustic evaluation of mechanical properties of masonry mortars. CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS , v. 152, p. 494-505, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.032

DIOGENES, H. J. F. et al. Determinação do módulo de elasticidade do concreto a partir da resposta acústica. Rev. IBRACON Estrut. Mater. 2011, vol.4, n.5, pp.803-813. ISSN 1983-4195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1983-41952011000500007

VLADIMIR G. HAACH, et al. Application of acoustic tests to mechanical characterization of masonry mortars. NDT & E International, Volume 59, 2013, Pages 18-24. ISSN 0963-8695. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ndteint.2013.04.013

RIBEIRO, R. R. J et al. Um estudo das propriedades mecânicas do concreto para fins estruturais preparado em canteiros de obras. Rev. IBRACON Estrut. Mater. 2016, vol.9, n.5, pp.722-744. ISSN 1983-4195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1983-41952016000500005

BILESKY, Pedro Carlos. Contribuição aos estudos do módulo de elasticidade do concreto. Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas do Estado de São Paulo - IPT, 2016.

BILESKY, Pedro; SANTOS, Rafael; PACHECO, Jéssika; HELENE, Paulo. Módulo de elasticidade estático versus módulo de elasticidade dinâmico. Anais do 59° Congresso Brasileiro do Concreto CBC2017. ISSN 2175-8182.

M. Gorett dos Santos Marques, J. de Almeida Melo Filho, J. C. Molina, R. D. Toledo Filho, R. P. de Vasconcelos, C. Calil Junior. Numerical-Experimental Assessment of the Arumã Fiber as Reinforcement to the Cementitious Matrix. Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 600, pp. 460-468, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.600.460

Otani, L.B., Pereira, A.H.A.. Estimativa do módulo de elasticidade estático de concretos utilizando a Técnica de Excitação por Impulso - Informativo técnico-científico ITC-07. ATCP Engenharia Física, Divisão Sonelastic. Revisão 1.2, 01/05/2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.26010.24001


Concretes modulus of elasticity characterization

Concretes White Paper

This white paper presents the theory and proposal of a methodology for the non-destructive elastic moduli characterization of concretes using the Impulse Excitation Technique.

Sonelastic® Catalog

Sonelastic® Catalog

Sonelastic items technical catalog.